Glossary

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  • AB

    Awarding Body.

  • ABG

    Area Based Grant

  • Academies

    Publicly funded independent Secondary schools with sponsors from the private or voluntary sectors or from churches or from other faith sponsors.

  • ACAS

    Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service – Public body dealing with employment relations.  See http://www.acas.org.uk for more information.

  • ACE

    Advisory Centre for Education is an independent charity providing an advisory service to parents.  See www.ace-ed.org.uk.

  • ACL

    Adult Learning – www.devon.gov.uk/index/socialcare/adultlearning.htm

  • ACS

    Average Class Size

  • ACs

    Area coordinators

  • Act

    Part of the work of Parliament is to make laws. These are called Acts. Usually the House of Commons and the House of Lords debate proposals for new laws. At this stage they are called Bills. If both Houses vote for the proposals then the Bill is ready to become an Act. It can only be described as an Act when it has received Royal Assent.

  • Action Plan

    A school’s response to the report of its inspection by the Office for Standards in Education (OfSTED), which must be produced within 40 days.  This is specific to Ofsted. GBs may find other Action Plans equally useful.

  • AD(H)D

    Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder

  • Admissions Authority

    Schools which handle their own pupil applications are admission authorities. They send out information about the school and pupil application forms, giving a deadline for receipt. Local Authorities are also admission authorities as they are responsible for admissions to community and voluntary-controlled schools.

  • Admissions Code

    The School Admissions Code ensures a fair and straightforward admissions system that promotes equity and fair access for all.  This Code, the School Admission Appeals Code and related legislation have statutory force which admission authorities, governing bodies, local authorities, admission forums, schools adjudicators and admission appeal panels must comply with.

  • Admissions Register

    Register of the details of pupils in alphabetical order.

  • Advanced GNVQ

    Advanced General National Vocational Qualification This is similar to BTEC and the equivalent of 2 A levels. The subjects offered have a vocational element such as childhood studies.  GNVQs were phased out between 2005 and 2007. As an alternative, students can choose from a wide range of vocational qualifications – such as BTECs, OCR Nationals, and GCSEs and GCEs in applied subjects. There are also new vocational qualifications on the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF).

  • AEN

    Additional Education Needs

  • AFL

    Assessment for learning

  • Agreed Syllabus

    A non-denominational syllabus of religious education, locally determined and legally binding on LA and controlled schools as required by the Education Reform Act 1988.

  • AHT

    Assistant Head Teachers

  • Alis

    The Advanced Level Information System – provides performance indicators for post-16 students across all sectors of education and includes analysis of A level, AS level, Advanced GNVQ exams and now AVCEs. Alis is the original member of the family of value-added monitoring systems run at the Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre (CEM Centre) at Durham University.

  • ALS

    Additional Literacy Support

  • AMP

    Asset Management Plan.   With changes to the distribution of Devolved Formula Capital from 2011, it is vital that the condition element of the AMP is regularly reviewed and updated.

  • AOC

    Association of Colleagues

  • AoC

    Association of Colleges – The AoC represents general Further Education (FE)colleges, sixth form colleges and specialist colleges in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Some 98% of colleges are in Association of Colleges membership.   FE and Sixth Form Colleges in England serve more 16-18 year olds than schools, (600,000 compared with 400,000) and over twice as many adults as universities (3.5 million adult learners in FE).  See www.aoc.co.uk.

  • AP

    Area Prospectus

  • APA

    Annual Performance Assessment

  • APP

    Assessing Pupil Progress

  • Appraisal

    The process of assessing how well a member of staff is carrying out his or her job.

  • Approved Educational Activity

    An activity that takes place outside the school premises and that has been approved by a person authorized to do so by the proprietor of the school. The activity is of an educational nature, including work experience, and is supervised by a person authorized in that behalf by the proprietor of the school.

  • APS

    Average Points Score.  See Interpreting KS1-3 average points scores for further information.

  • APTC

    Admin, Professional, Technical and Clerical graded employees.

  • AS

    Asperger’s Syndrome

  • ASB

    Aggregated Schools Budget; the total amount delegated to Governing Bodies through a formula.

  • ASD

    Autistic Spectrum Disorder

  • Associate member

    A person who is appointed by the Governing Body as a member of a Committee established by it, but who is not a Governor.

  • AST

    Advanced Skills Teachers

  • ATL

    Association of Teachers and Lecturers. Formerly AMMA – trade union and professional association.  www.atl.org.uk.

  • Attainment targets

    The knowledge, skills and understanding that pupils of differing ability and maturity are expected to have by the end of each Key Stage of the National Curriculum i.e. assessed at ages 7, 11, 14 and 16.

  • Attendance Register

    A register is called at the beginning of the morning session and once during the afternoon. It must contain the names of all pupils that attend school.

  • Attendance Targets

    The Governing Body is required to agree with the LA attendance targets for reducing authorised absence (where the absence of a pupil has been agreed by the person authorised in that behalf by the proprietor of the school, and unauthorised absences (where no permission for absence has been given) from school.

  • Audit Commission

    An independent body set up by the Government to monitor the use of funds by LAs and certain other bodies.  www.audit-commission.gov.uk

  • AVMS

    Apprenticeship Vacancy Matching Service apprenticeshipvacancymatchingservice.lsc.gov.uk

  • AWPU

    Age Weighted Pupil Unit, that is, the sum of money allocated to the school for each pupil according to age.  This is the main source of funding for the school.

  • Baseline Assessment

    An assessment of a child’s skills and ability usually made by a teacher within the first seven days of school entry. It shows teachers what a child can do when starting school and helps them to plan lessons and measure progress. Areas covered include Language and Literacy, Maths and Personal and Social Development.

  • Basic Skills

    Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.

  • BCC

    British Chambers of Commerce   www.britishchambers.org.uk

  • BECTA

    British Educational Communications and Technology Agency was a partner in the strategic development and delivery of its information and communications technology (ICT) and e-learning. BECTA no longer functions having been closed down on 31 March 2011.

  • BEd

    Batchelor of Education.  A professional degree in education studies.

  • Behaviour Support Plan

    A statement that sets out the arrangements for schools and other service providers for the education of children with behavioural problems.

  • Benchmarking

    Comparing school expenditure with broadly similar schools from the LA, the region and nationally.

  • BES

    Behavioural, emotional and social difficulties.

  • BEST

    Behaviour and Education Support Team

  • Best Value

    A policy confirming that Governing Bodies will work to achieve economy, efficiency and effectiveness.

  • BIP

    Behaviour Improvement Programme

  • Broker

    Bringing together parties to negotiate and conclude an agreement.

  • BSA

    Basic Skills Agency was committed to funding, developing and disseminating good practice in literacy, language and numeracy.  Now closed.

  • BST

    Behaviour Support Team

  • Budget Share

    The total sum of money allocated to a school for the financial year by the LA.

  • Business Plan

    A formal appraisal of options which evaluates and demonstrates the most effective use of financial and human resources available.   It also considers the associated risks and the mitigation as well as legislative and regulatory compliance that will be required.

  • Buy Back

    Provision for schools to use part of their delegated budget to purchase services from the LA.

  • CAB

    Component Awarding Body

  • CAL

    Computer Assisted Learning

  • CAMHS

    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service www.youngminds.org.uk/camhs.

  • CAP

    Common Application Process

  • Capital expenditure

    Spending on projects and large items of equipment.

  • Capitation allowance

    The part of the school’s annual budget allocated to spending on equipment and teaching materials.

  • CARE

    Christian Action Research and Education

  • Carry Forward

    Money left unspent at the end of the financial year that is carried forward to the school’s budget for the following year. These sums are “capped” at 5% of budget for Secondary Schools and 8% for Primary or Special Schools after taking into account money committed to specific projects.

  • CASE

    Campaign for State Education www.campaignforstateeducation.org.uk, tel.: 02089448206

  • CASS

    Collaborative Arrangements for Small Schools

  • Casting Vote

    An additional vote to be used by the Chair of Governors if an equal number of votes is cast for and against a motion.

  • CATs

    Cognitive Ability Tests

  • CEG

    Careers Education and Guidance

  • CEIAG

    Careers Education Information, Advice and Guidance

  • CEL

    Centre for Excellence in Leadership

  • Children’s Centres

    Sure Start Children’s Centres are “places where children under 5 years old and their families can receive seamless holistic integrated services and information. And where they can access help from multi-disciplinary teams of professionals.” www.direct.gov.uk/surestart.

  • CiC

    Children in Care

  • CIG

    Curriculum Innovation Group

  • Circular

    A policy statement issued by the Government which does not have the status of law, but which gives guidance on interpretation and implementation of the law.

  • Clerk to the Governing Body

    A person appointed to carry out administrative duties for the governing body, such as preparing agenda, minuting meetings and dealing with correspondence. The Clerk advises the Governing Body on legal and procedural matters.

  • Cluster

    An ad-hoc grouping of schools brought together for a shared purpose.

  • Collaboration

    Where two or more Governing Bodies may arrange for any of their functions to be discharged jointly by holding joint meetings and/or having joint committees.

  • Commissioning

    A strategic approach using shared resources to design services to meet specific needs.

  • Community Governor

    A Governor representing community and local business chosen by members of the Governing Body and in whose opinion a person committed to the good government and success of the school.

  • Community Interest Company

    A company legally obliged to use its assets and profits for the benefit of the community.

  • Community School

    A state school in England and Wales that is wholly owned and maintained by the LA.

  • Community Special School

    A state school in England and Wales that is wholly owned and maintained by the LA providing for pupils with special education needs (SEN).

  • Company Limited by Guarantee

    A company whose members’ liability will be restricted to the sum defined in the Memorandum and Articles of Association.

  • Company Limited by Shares

    Members subscribe for shares.   Liability is restricted to the sum subscribed.

  • Competitive tendering

    Obtaining quotes from two or more suppliers before awarding contracts.

  • Complaints

    The day to day running of the school is the responsibility of the headteacher, the board of governors and the Local Authority (LA).  Every school should have a Complaints Procedure.  Generally, parents should initially put their concerns in writing to the headteacher of the school and then, concerns should be raised with the chair of the board of governors.  If they are unhappy with the response that they receive, they may then refer the complaint to the LA.  Should they remain dissatisfied with the LA’s response, the complaint may be raised with the Department for children, Schools and Families, setting out their concerns in full and enclosing all previous correspondence.  The address is: DCSF, Sanctuary Buildings, Great Smith Street, London SW1P 3BT.

  • Connexions

    A service that provides a single point of access for all 13 – 19 year olds to help them prepare for the transition to work and adult life. www.connexions-direct.com.

  • Contingency Fund

    Money set aside for unexpected costs.

  • Contractual arrangements

    Where two or more parties agree in a formal contract how they will work together.   The agreement will set out how matters will be dealt with.  It should deal with roles, responsibilities and sanctions.   This term also applies to the conditions under which staff will be employed.

  • Core Subjects

    English, Maths and Science are the subjects that must be studied by all pupils at every Key Stage.

  • COSHH

    Control of substances Hazardous to Health. www.hse.gov.uk/coshh/index.htm.

  • Coursework

    Work completed over a period of time which counts towards a final mark along with an end of course examination in the case of GCSE and regular tests in the case of GNVQ.

  • CPD

    Continuing Professional Development – any activity that increases teachers’ knowledge or understanding.

  • CQA

    Collaborative Quality Assurance

  • CRAC

    Careers Research and Advisory Council   www.crac.org.uk

  • CRB

    Criminal Records Bureau Currently (Aug 07) Governors do not require CRB checks to undertake their duties. A CRB check for Governors will be mandatory from September 2008.

  • CRE

    Commission for Racial Equality is now EHRC, Equality and Human Rights Commission.  See www.equalityhumanrights.com

  • CSG

    Consortia Support Grant

  • CSR

    Comprehensive Spending Review

  • CTC

    City Technology College: Independent all ability, non-fee paying schools for pupils aged 11 – 18. There are 4 CTCs and one CCTA (City College for the Technology of the Arts) in urban areas across England. CTCs teach the national curriculum to under-16-year-olds with a focus on science, mathematics and technology. They offer a wide range of vocational qualifications and part of their role is to innovate in the development, management and delivery of the curriculum.

  • CTLPIP

    The Children’s Trust Local Planning and Implementation Partnership

  • Current Expenditure

    Spending on the day-to-day running of schools including staff costs, heating and lighting, consumables etc. Sometimes called recurrent expenditure.

  • Curriculum

    The school curriculum comprises all learning and other experiences that each school provides for its pupils. For maintained schools (except special schools established in a hospital) this includes the national curriculum, religious education (RE), collective worship, sex and relationship education (SRE) and careers education. The school curriculum has two aims:
    ●  To provide opportunities for all pupils to learn and achieve
    ●  To promote pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural development and prepare all pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life.

  • CVA

    Contextual Value Added measures have been used in the Achievement and Attainment Tables (formerly Performance Tables) since 2002. They measure the attainment of pupils in comparison to pupils with similar prior attainment, and is fairer than using raw outcomes since schools can have very different levels of attainment on entry. In 2006 the following attainment and contextual factors were considered:
    ●  Pupil prior attainment
    ●  Gender
    ●  SEN
    ●  First language (for given prior attainment)
    ●  Measures of pupil mobility
    ●  Age
    ●  An “in care” indicator
    ●  Ethnicity
    ●  Free school meals (for given ethnicity)
    ●  Income deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI)
    ●  Average and range of prior attainment within the school (KS2-3, KS 2- 4 and KS 3 – 4 only).

  • CYPS

    Children and Young Peoples’ Service   Devon CYPS

  • DAG

    Devon Association of Governors

  • DAPH

    Devon Association of Primary Heads  www.devon.gov.uk/daph

  • DASH

    Devon Association of Secondary Heads

  • Day Nurseries

    These take children under five for the whole working day. Children can attend on a part-time or full-time basis according to their parents’ needs. They may be run by local authorities, voluntary organisations, private companies, individuals or employers. There must be at least one adult for every eight children and at least half of the staff must have a qualification recognised by the local authority.

  • DBE

    Diocesan Board of Education, whose purpose is to develop and promote best practices in church – aided schools.

  • DCC

    Devon County Council

  • DCS

    Devon Curriculum Services

  • DCSF

    Defunct – see DfE below.  Department for Children, Schools and Families (formerly DfES) and the central government department for a number of issues, including Education.  The name of the Department of Education and Science (DES) changed to the Department for Education (DFE) on 6 July 1992, then to the Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) on 4 July 1995 and to the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) in June 2001. In June 2007, the DfES became the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF).

  • DDA

    Disability Discrimination Act came into effect on 1 October 2004 www.dwp.gov.uk/employers/dda.

  • DDP

    Diploma Development Partnership

  • DEF

    Devon Education Forum (in other LAs known as Schools’ Forum)

  • Delegated Budget

    Money provided to schools which Governors can manage at their discretion. GBs may delegate further to the HT and Bursar / Administrator and further delegation may be given to teaching staff.

  • Delegated Powers

    Authority given to a committee or the HT to take action on behalf of the GB.

  • Delegation

    A process where one body or person gives another body or person, authority to take decisions on a particular matter.

  • DES

    Disability Equality Scheme – Schools must publish their DES either as a separate document or as part of another document, such as the school improvement plan. It should be available on the school’s website or as a printed document in the school.  The progress made on the school’s DES must be reported on annually.

  • DES

    Devon Education Services, now known as Devon LDP, see www.devonldp.org.

  • Designated area

    The geographical area served by a school. Children living in a school’s designated area will have a higher priority for a place.

  • Designated Teacher

    An advocate who liaises with other services on behalf of young people in care.

  • Detailed arrangements funding

    This funding is allocated in recognition of the fact that most schools will have some pupils with low to medium level special educational needs. This is described more fully in the Devon Guidance Criteria for Statutory Assessment and Resource Allocation. It may be used to augment the exceptional arrangements funding for a student.

  • DfE

    Department for Education – www.education.gov.uk

  • DHT

    Deputy Head Teacher

  • Differentiation

    The organisation of teaching programmes and methods specifically to suit the age, ability and aptitudes of individual children.

  • DIG

    Diploma Interest Group

  • Directed time

    Time when a teacher must be available to carry out duties, including attending staff and parent meetings, under the direction of the Head.  Maximum of 1265 hours in a school year.

  • Disapplication

    A term used where parts or all National Curriculum requirements may not apply to a pupil in specified cases or circumstances.

  • DIUS

    Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, now defunct.  In June 2009 it was merged into the newly formed Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

  • DLL

    Diploma Line Lead

  • DLP

    Dawlish Learning Partnership

  • Draft

    A provisional or tentative paper or motion put forward for consultation.

  • DSG

    Dedicated Schools Grant

  • Dyslexia

    A learning difficulty of which the chief manifestation is a particular difficulty with reading and spelling. For more information go to: www.bdadyslexia.org.

  • Dyspraxia

    Generally recognised as an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Associated with this may be problems of language, perception and thought – further information from the Dyspraxia Foundation.

  • E4L

    Exeter 4 Learnin

  • EAL

    English as an Additional Language. There are some 60 different languages spoken in Devon. The 2006 PLASC recorded 97836 pupils of compulsory school age: 3466 were minority ethnic pupils for 967 of whom English is an Additional Language.

  • Early Years and Childcare Service

    See www.devon.gov.uk/eycs for further information on the plan that explains what local early education and childcare services will be provided by the LA and includes a list of all local providers of free early education.

  • EAZ

    Education Action Zone was first established in 1998 and the aim was to establish 73 such zones across the country, based on a cluster of schools, usually in a local area. The aim of an EAZ is to develop, in conjunction with local partners, imaginative approaches to raising educational standards in seriously disadvantaged areas.

  • EBD

    Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (Special Needs)

  • EBLO

    Education-Business Link Organisations

  • EBP/EBPO

    Education Business Partnership Organisation

  • ECM

    Every Child Matters focuses on 5 positive outcomes for all children, namely:
    ● Be healthy
    ● Stay safe
    ● Enjoy and Achieve
    ● Make a positive contribution
    ● Achieve economic well-being.

  • EDP

    Education Development Plan

  • Edubase

    The up to date database of educational establishments across England and Wales – www.edubase.gov.uk.

  • EE

    Employer Engagement

  • EFA

    The Education Funding Agency will take over from YPLA on 1st April 2012 for the funding of young people’s education and training including academies.

  • EHRC

    Equality and Human Rights Commission. “Our job is to promote equality and human rights, and to create a fairer Britain. We do this by providing advice and guidance, working to implement an effective legislative framework and raising awareness of your rights.” See www.equalityhumanrights.com.

  • EILP

    Electronic Individual Learning Plan

  • ELS

    Early Literacy Support for children in Year 1 who are not making expected progress in literacy

  • EMA

    Ethnic Minority Achievement

  • EP

    Education Psychologist www.devon.gov.uk/index/learning/supporting-children and follow links to EP.

  • EPPA

    Effective Partnership with parents

  • ESO

    Education Supervision Order.  An LA may apply for such an Order under the Children Act 1989 to acquire powers to deal with cases of poor attendance at school.

  • EWO

    Education Welfare Officer is employed to help pupils and parents where there are problems particularly regarding attendance.

  • Ex Officio

    Someone who is automatically a governor/able to attend meetings by virtue of the office they hold eg. headteacher, parish priest, vicar.  ie.  The position of governor comes with the job.

  • Exceptional arrangements funding

    This is funding linked to an individual pupil’s needs as set out in a Statement of SEN. The wording in the statement links the funding to a staffing level but it can be used in any appropriate way to ensure the child’s needs (as identified in the Statement) are met.

  • Exclusion

    The temporary or permanent banning of a pupil from school.

  • Extended Schools

    A school that provides a range of services and activities often beyond the school day to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community.

  • EYFSP – Early Years Foundation Stage Profile

    Subsumes former Foundation Stage Profile in September 2008. It is designed, amongst other things, to provide practioners with reliable and accurate information about each child’s level of development at the end of the Foundation Stage.

  • Failing School

    One ruled by an Ofsted inspection team to be failing to give its pupils an acceptable standard of education.

  • Fair Funding

    The term that describes the system of funding for schools introduced in April 1999, which sets the framework for the financial relationship between schools and LAs.

  • Fast track

    An opportunity for those seen as highly talented teachers to progress rapidly in their careers.

  • FE

    Further Education

  • Federation

    The coming together under one governing body of not more than 5 maintained schools.

  • FFT

    Fischer Family Trust is an education data source used to support target setting and pupil progress monitoring

  • Fidelity Guarantee

    Insurance to cover the theft of money by staff through fraud, etc.

  • FLIG

    Foundation Learning Implementation Group

  • FLIP

    Foundation Learning Implementation Plan

  • Floor

    Floor Standards are the minimum expected performance at KS2 and KS4 as set out by the government Education White Paper

  • FLT

    Foundation Learning Tier

  • FOI

    Freedom of Information

  • Form of Entry

    The number of classes that a school admits each year.

  • Formula Funding

    The method by which funds for school budgets are calculated. The most important factor is the number of pupils.

  • Foundation Governor

    A person appointed to the GB, otherwise than by the LA to ensure that the school preserves its particular religious character.

  • Foundation Schools

    Introduced in 1999 and a school, which has more freedom than community schools to manage their school and decide on their own admissions. At foundation schools the GB is the employer and the admission authority. The school’s land and buildings are either owned by the GB or by a charitable foundation. Funding comes from the LA, which also pays for any building work.

  • Foundation Special School

    A type of school introduced in 1999 which has more freedom than community schools to manage their schools. It differs from a foundation school, in that it caters for children with special education needs. The GB remains the employer but admission to the school is through a statement. Land, building and funding are as per foundation schools.

  • Foundation Stage

    The first stage of the national curriculum that focuses on the distinct needs of children aged three until the end of the reception year of primary school.

  • Fresh Start

    A school is given a ‘Fresh Start’ when it is closed and reopened on the same site under the normal school reorganisation procedures. Schools eligible for Fresh Start must be in Special Measures, serious weaknesses, subject to a formal LA warning or (for secondary) achieving less than a 15% rate of pupils gaining at lest 5 A*-C GCSEs over three years from March 2000.

  • FS

    Functional Skills (see below)

  • FSA

    Food Standards Agency is an independent food safety watchdog set up by an Act of Parliament in 2000 to protect the public’s health and consumer interests in relation to food.

  • FSM

    Free school meals

  • FTE

    Full time equivalent – refers to teachers’ employment.

  • FTET

    Full-Time Education and Training

  • Functional Skills

    Functional Skills (FS) are practical skills in English, Maths and ICT that help learners gain the most out of work, education and everyday life. Following a variety of pilots specifications, the intention is that a pass in the functional skills at level 2 will be a requirement for the awarding of the GCSE (English, mathematics and ICT) at grade C or above, when the revised GCSE qualifications are introduced in September 2010.

  • GB

    Governing Body.  Required to meet three times a year. A GB is to have a minimum of 9 and maximum of 20 members. See Chapter 2, and particularly the table in Para 24 of the Guide to the Law for School Governors for the breakdown of appointees and members.

  • GCE

    General Certificate of Education (A level)

  • GCSE

    General Certificate of Secondary Education

  • Gifted and talented

    Pupils identified as being likely to achieve more than expected national curriculum levels.

  • GIS

    Geographic Information System.  Used by Devon LA to show School Designated Area Maps.

  • GNVQ

    General National Vocational Qualification. GNVQs were phased out between 2005 and 2007. As an alternative, students can choose from a wide range of vocational qualifications – such as BTECs, OCR Nationals, and GCSEs and GCEs in applied subjects. There are also new vocational qualifications on the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF).

  • Governorline

    Governorline is the professional help line offering e-mail and telephone support across all aspects of school life to Governors, Clerks and individuals involved directly with school governance in England. Freephone 08000 722181. Contact Form

  • Governors’ handbook

    Departmental for Education advice outlining governors’ roles and duties.
    Governors’ handbook

  • Green Papers

    Green Papers are consultation documents produced by the Government. Often when a government department is considering introducing a new law, it will put together a discussion document called a Green Paper. The aim of this document is to allow people both inside and outside Parliament to debate the subject and give the department feedback on its suggestions.

  • GRT

    Gypsy, Roma, Traveller – pupil ethnicity

  • GTC

    The General Teaching Council for England (GTCE) was the professional body for teaching in England between 2000 and 2012. The GTC was established by the Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998 which set two aims: “to contribute to improving standards of teaching and the quality of learning, and to maintain and improve standards of professional conduct among teachers, in the interests of the public”. The GTC was abolished on 31 March 2012.

  • Guide to the Law

    Guide to the Law has been replaced by the Governors’ Handbook (see above).

  • HE

    Higher Education

  • HLTA

    Higher Level Teaching Assistant

  • HMCI

    Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector is the head of Ofsted www.ofsted.gov.uk.

  • HMI

    Her Majesty’s Inspectors are appointed by the Chief Inspector to support him/her in his/her statutory duties.

  • HMRC

    Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs

  • Home School Agreements

    All state schools are required to have written agreements drawn up in consultation with parents. They are non-binding statements explaining the school’s aims and values, the responsibilities of both school and parents and what the school expects of its pupils. Parents will be invited to sign a parental declaration indicating that they understand and accept the contents of the agreement.

  • HSE

    Health and Safety Executive

  • HSW

    Health and Safety at Work

  • HT

    Head teacher

  • IAG

    Information, Advice and Guidance

  • IB

    International Baccalaureat

  • ICT

    Information and Communications Technology

  • IEP

    Individual Education Plan – Programmes which are drawn up by the class teacher and/or special needs co-ordinator within a school to provide individual support for children deemed to have needs over and above that of other children in the class. This could be either due to learning difficulties or because they are considered to be exceptionally bright or gifted children.

  • IFP

    Increased Flexibility (for 14-16 year olds) Programme

  • IiP

    Investors in People.  A quality standard awarded to organisations – including schools – demonstrating a commitment to developing employees. www.investorsinpeople.co.uk.

  • IiWREL

    Investors in work Related and Enterprise Learning

  • Improvement Notice

    Ofsted judgement

  • Inclusion Statement

    A statutory statement in the national curriculum to provide effective learning opportunities for all pupils through the school curriculum. Teachers can modify (as necessary) the national curriculum programmes of study to set suitable learning challenges, respond to pupils’ diverse learning needs, and address potential barriers to learning and assessment for individuals and groups of pupils.

  • Independent School

    Any school that provides full-time education for five or more pupils of compulsory school age, which is not maintained by an LA or a non-maintained special school. As these schools are not funded by the state, they obtain most of their finances from fees paid by parents and income from investments. Some of the larger independent schools are known as public schools, whilst most boarding schools are independent.

  • Information Commissioner

    The body set up to oversee and enforce the Freedom of Information Act and the Data Protection Act. www.informationcommissioner.gov.uk.

  • Inset Day

    In-service Education and Training Day – five days during the year are set aside for staff training.  Pupils do not attend school on these days.

  • Instrument of Government

    The legal document setting out the composition of the Governing Body.

  • IoG

    Instrument of Government – A statutory legal document setting out the composition of Governing Bodies.

  • ISB

    Individual school budget

  • ISCG

    Information for School and College Governors exists to help governors and their clerks to do their best for their schools and everyone in them. The group provides governors with practical advice, independent and up-to-date information and relevant services. www.governors.uk.com.

  • ISR

    Individual School Range – refers to the HT pay range.

  • ITT

    Initial Teacher Training. See the Training and Development Agency for Schools website, www.tda.gov.uk for further details.

  • IYSDS

    Integrated Youth Support & Development Service

  • IYSS

    Integrated Youth Support Services

  • JMI

    Junior, Middle and Infant  For 4 to 11 year olds.

  • Joint Committees

    Governing Bodies may set up committees with shared membership between schools.

  • Joint Procurement

    Where schools collaborate in the procurement process.

  • Junior Schools

    For 7 to 11 year old pupils.

  • Key Stages

    The four stages of the National Curriculum: Key Stage (KS) 1 age 5 to 7 years; KS 2 age 7 to 11 years; KS 3 age 11-14 years and KS 4 age 14 to 16 yrs.  Pupils are tested at the end of each KS.

  • KS4EP

    Key Stage 4 Engagement Programme

  • LA

    Local Authority. Still, sometimes referred to as the Local Education Authority (LEA).

  • Maintained School

    A school for which the LA has financial and administrative responsibility.

  • NAA

    National Assessment Agency was a subsidiary agency of the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.  QCDA now has responsibility for national curriculum tests and ensuring the smooth delivery and modernization of the examinations system.

  • O4Me

    Options 4 Me helps students aged between 14 and 19 find information on all courses they can do in the Devon and Torbay area.  www.options4me.co.uk

  • Ofsted

    Office for Standards in Education, Children Services and Skills. It brings together the regulation and inspection of day-care and children’s social care and the inspection of LA children’s services, schools, colleges, initial teaching training, work-based learning, adult education and more. www.ofsted.gov.uk.

  • Open Enrolment

    All schools must admit pupils up to their standard number, which is calculated according to the physical capacity of the school to accommodate pupils.

  • Oversubscription Criteria

    Often referred to as those rules applied by admission authorities when a school has more applications than places. They must by law be fair and objective and must be published annually in prospectuses and by local authorities in a prospectus explaining admissions at all schools in an area.

  • PAN

    Planned Admission Number – the number of children the LA (or GB of as Aided school) determines can be admitted to a school. Normally set at Reception Year.

  • QCA

    Qualifications and Curriculum Authority  See www.qca.org.uk

  • QIA

    Quality Improvement Agency

  • QTS

    Qualified Teacher Status. The professional status needed to teach in state maintained schools in England and Wales. QTS is normally awarded after successful completion of an Initial Teacher Training course.

  • Quorum

    Under the School Governance (Constitution, Procedures and New Schools)(England)(Amendment) Regulations 2004/450, the quorum needs to be calculated as 50% of those governors in post. Any resolutions passed at a meeting without the required quorum are invalid, but may be notified at a subsequent quorate meeting.

  • RAISEonline

    A web-based system to disseminate school performance data which replaced Ofsted Performance and Assessment (PANDA) reports and the former DfES Pupil Achievement Tracker (PAT) in 2007 to coincide with the availability of 2006 validated National Curriculum data.  See www.raiseonline.org.

  • SACRE

    Standing Advisory Council for Religious Education – Local statutory body which advises on religious education and collective worship.  See National Association of SACREs.

  • TA

    Teaching Assistant

  • UCAS

    Universities and Colleges Admissions Service — central agency for processing applications for undergraduate courses including degree level initial teacher training courses (BEd, BA/BSc with qualified teacher status).

  • Unauthorised Absence

    Absence by a pupil from school which is not otherwise authorised.  Statistical information about such absences must be given to Governors.

  • UNISON

    The union which represents the majority of clerical, administrative, professional and technical staff who work in local government.

  • UPS

    Upper Pay Scale

  • VA School

    Voluntary Aided Schools have a religious ethos in keeping with the Roman Catholic Church or the Church of England. These schools serve a defined area based on Parish boundaries and the GB is responsible for admission and appeal arrangements. These schools usually give priority to children from their faith.

  • Value Added

    Shows the progress made by an individual pupil or groups of pupils compared with the average progress made by similar pupils nationally between the Key Stages.

  • Walking Distance

    The statutory distance beyond which the LA must provide free school transport is 2 miles for children up to 8 years and 3 miles for those aged 8+.  There is an annual consultation on such matters, and Governors are encouraged to prompt parents to contribute to such consultations.

  • WBL

    Work-Based Learning

  • WE

    Work Experience – A planned programme as part of careers education which enables pupils in school time to experience a working environment of their choice.

  • Workforce Reform

    A Government initiative to raise standards and tackle the workload of teaching staff.

  • WRL

    Work-Related Learning

  • X
  • YA

    Young Apprenticeships

  • Years 1 to 13

    Fifth and sixth formers no longer officially exist in the state sector.
    Reception year = 4-5 year olds; Y1 = 5-6; Y2 = 6-7; Y3 = 7-8; Y4 = 8-9; Y5 = 9-10; Y6 = 10-11; Y7 = 11-12; Y8 = 12-13; Y9 = 13-14; Y10 = 14-15; Y11 = 15-16; Y12 = 16-17 ; Y13 = 17-18.

  • YPLA

    Young People’s Learning Agency

  • Zero tolerance policy

    A policy that states that prohibited behaviors and actions will not be tolerated–no exeptions.

Latest News

Reports of sex offences in schools continue to rise

According to police figures obtained by a recent TES investigation the annual number of sexual offences reported in schools has more than tripled in four years. Police, teaching unions and children's charities have suggested that online ...

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Posted: 23rd Jun 2017

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DAG e-Newsletter Issue 122 22nd June 2017

The latest DAG e-newsletter is now available (requires login). This is a short and sweet snapshot of what is going on in the world of school governance, ranging from the new Ofsted consultations to the new developments in fair funding for Devon ...

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Posted: 22nd Jun 2017

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Issue 122, 22nd Jun 2017

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